Coconut palms tolerate some drought, but overall are moisture-loving plants that grow in sandy and loamy soils. They grow beautifully in any tropical climate that provides at least 25 inches of annual rainfall, up to 157 inches. Ambient humidity and abundance of rainfall is required during the warmest parts of the year when the sunlight intensity is strongest. Climates with warm, rainy winters and hot, humid and rainy summers are ideal. Coconut palms will also grow in frost-free climates that are warm or hot and sometimes arid — cycles of tropical wet and dry seasons — if irrigation is provided at appropriate times.
Ideal Climate Conditions
Coconut palms prosper in a tropical region that receives 47 to 94 inches of rainfall a year, primarily from spring to late fall. In the winter dry season it should get no colder than 71 degrees Fahrenheit, and in the summer rainy season no hotter than 93 degrees. An established coconut palm will tolerate temperatures down to 30 degrees, but if the growing tip on the top of the trunk is frozen, the palm dies. Arid and cold air prematurely dries out the coconut palm’s fronds. Moisture is needed in summer for palm flowering and development of fruits.
Why Goa is ideal for Coconuts.
Goa features a tropical monsoon climate under the Köppen climate classification. Goa, being in the tropical zone and near the Arabian Sea, has a hot and humid climate for most of the year. The month of May is usually the hottest, seeing daytime temperatures of over 35 °C (95 °F) coupled with high humidity. The state’s three seasons are: Southwest monsoon period (June – September), post-monsoon period (October – January) and fair weather period (February – May). Over 90% of the average annual rainfall (120 inches) is received during the monsoon season